Profile: XiJinping: Man of the people, statesman of vision

  BEIJING, Dec. 23 (Xinhua) -- It was a pleasant early Decembermorning in a verdant park in Shenzhen, in south China's Guangdong Province.Early risers, carrying on their usual morning exercise, did not expect to see abig name。


  The park was not cordoned. There was no red carpet nor were therepeople waving welcoming banners。


  A middle-aged man in a dark suit, and a tieless white shirt, laid awreath at the park's statue of the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. Then hewalked into the surrounding crowd and began a casual chat。


  The visitor was Xi Jinping, the newly elected general secretary ofthe Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee。


  During his visit to Guangdong, Xi called on the entire Party andpeople from all ethnic groups to unswervingly adhere to the path of reform andopening up and put greater focus on pursuing reform in a more systematic,integrated and coordinated way. Xi vowed no stop in reform, and no stop inopening up。


  In his first visit outside Beijing as the top CPC leader, Xi went toGuangdong, the forefront of China's reform and opening up, following the routeDeng had toured 20 years ago when the country was at a crossroad。


  Media reports remarked that Xi is a leader who brings a fresh breezeto the country's political life, unswervingly pushes forward reform and openingup, and is beginning to lead the Chinese nation in realizing the China Dream。


  Xi, 59, who was elected to his new role at the first plenum of the18th CPC Central Committee on Nov. 15, is the first top Party leader born after1949, the year the People's Republic of China (PRC) was founded。


  He now leads the 91-year-old CPC, the world largest political partywith more than 82 million members, as it rules China, the world's secondlargest economy。


  The whole country and the world are putting their eyes on Xi:


  -- What will he do to lead the CPC to better serve the people?


  -- What will he do to lead China's 1.3 billion people to build amoderately prosperous society in all respects by the 100th anniversary of thefounding of the CPC in 2021? Furthermore, what will he do to lead the people toachieve the goal of building an affluent, strong, democratic, civilized andharmonious modern socialist country by the time the PRC marks its centennial in2049?


  -- What will he do to lead the country to make its due contributionto world peace and development?


  As he met the press on the November day the new leadership wasformed, Xi summed up the CPC's mission as comprising three responsibilities --to the nation, the people and the Party。




  "The people's longing for a good life is what we are fightingfor," Xi said in his first public speech as general secretary on Nov. 15.


  Shortly after taking office, Xi and the other six members of theStanding Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee visitedthe exhibition "The Road Toward Renewal" at the National Museum ofChina. The comprehensive display illustrates the huge challenges China hassurmounted on the road to national revival since 1840.


  "Nowadays, everyone is talking about the China Dream," hesaid. "In my view, realizing the great renewal of the Chinese nation isthe Chinese nation's greatest dream in modern history."


  To achieve this sacred goal, Xi has clarified his positions onvarious aspects of the country's development:


  On the country's economic development, Xi opposes a blind focus ongrowth and upholds the principle of scientific development, which seekssustainability in terms of both resources and the environment。


  On political development, he stresses the idea that all powerbelongs to the people, and calls for active and steady political reform whileadhering to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. He alsostresses the rule of law and exercising state power according to the Constitution。


  On cultural development, he highlights developing human talent andfostering a Chinese national spirit, especially as typified by the words of thenational anthem: "We will use our flesh and blood to build our new GreatWall."


  On social development, he proposes continuous efforts to safeguardand improve people's lives through economic development. He also supportsbuilding a harmonious society and realizing a good life for the people based onhard work, while taking into consideration the country's practicalcircumstances。


  On ecological progress, he emphasizes a national strategy ofresource conservation and environmental protection and a sustainable pattern ofdevelopment。


  From the Loess Plateau to the southeast coast, from localities tothe central leadership, Xi has had a well-rounded political career and hasdeveloped a deep understanding of the conditions of his country and people。


  In 2007, he was promoted to the nine-member Standing Committee ofthe Political Bureau of the 17th CPC Central Committee, after working fordecades in various locations, including Shanghai Municipality, the provinces ofShaanxi, Hebei, Fujian and Zhejiang, as well as serving the army。


  He served concurrently as a member of the Secretariat of the CPCCentral Committee and as president of the Party School of the CPC CentralCommittee. In 2008, he was elected the country's vice president。


  Over the past five years, he has participated in the creation ofmajor policies for the Party and the country, and has gained rich leadershipexperience in all respects。


  During that time, Xi was in charge of Party affairs and attachedgreat importance to Party building. He reiterated that the Party must policeitself with strict standards as well as listen to the call of ordinary people。


  Beginning in 2008, he worked intensively on the campaign to studyand implement the Scientific Outlook on Development. The year-and-a-halfcampaign further made the Scientific Outlook on Development a consensus of thewhole Party and country, and a driving force for economic and socialdevelopment。


  He also led a group of officials in drafting the 17th CPC CentralCommittee's report to the 18th CPC National Congress and the amendment to theCPC Constitution, which were adopted at the congress and have become importantguidelines for China's future。


  Xi has had a connection with the armed forces since his early days.After graduating from university, he worked at the General Office of theCentral Military Commission (CMC) for three years, a job that deepened hisaffection for the army。


  In the following years, he served concurrently as Party chief formilitary subareas in addition to holding his Party and government titles. Hewas familiarized with grassroots military affairs。


  He became CMC vice chairman in 2010 and was named CMC chairman atthe first plenum of the 18th CPC Central Committee in November 2012.


  Xi is also familiar with work related to Hong Kong, Macao andTaiwan. His 17 years in Fujian gave him a deep understanding of Taiwan andenterprises from Taiwan. The first Taiwan chamber of commerce on the mainlandwas established in Xiamen when he worked in Fujian. He solved many problems forTaiwan compatriots, and has been seen as a good friend by many of them。


  As a top leader in charge of Hong Kong and Macao affairs, Xi helpedwork out a number of important policies on the long-term stability andprosperity of the two special administrative regions。


  In 2008 and 2009 when Hong Kong and Macao were seriously hit by theinternational financial crisis, Xi visited the cities to show his support。


  In 2008, Xi was also tasked with heading up preparations for themuch-anticipated 2008 Olympic Games and the subsequent Paralympics, both inBeijing, playing a key role in China's hosting of these high-standard eventswith distinctive features。




  Xi has expressed his deep feelings for the people on many occasions,saying for example, "How important the people are in the minds of an officialwill determine how important officials are in the minds of the people."His love of the people stems from his unique upbringing。


  A son of Xi Zhongxun, a Communist revolutionary and former vicepremier, Xi Jinping did not live in comfort as a boy。


  Beginning in 1962, when his father was wronged and fell in disgrace,Xi experienced tough times. During the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), he suffered public humiliation and hunger, experienced homelessnessand was even held in custody once。


  At the age of 16, he volunteered to live in a small village innorthwest China's Shaanxi Province as an "educated youth."


  That area, part of the Loess Plateau, was where the Communistrevolutionaries, including his father, rose to found New China。


  Life there was tough for an urban youth. In the beginning, fleastroubled him so badly he could not even fall asleep. In the Shaanxicountryside, he had to do all sorts of harsh labor, such as carrying manure,hauling a coal cart, farming and building water tanks。


  As time passed, tough work became easy. Xi became a hardworkingcapable young man in the villagers' eyes. By gaining their trust, he waselected village Party chief。


  He led the farmers to reinforce the river bank in a bid to preventerosion, organized a small cooperative of blacksmiths in the village, and builta methane tank, the first in landlocked Shaanxi。


  He was once awarded a motorized tricycle after being named a"model educated youth." However, he exchanged the tricycle for awalking tractor, a flour milling machine and farm tools to benefit thevillagers。


  Although he was not in school, Xi never stopped reading. He broughta case of books to the village and was always "reading books as thick asbricks," recalled by villagers of Liangjiahe。


  He formed close ties with the villagers during his seven years inthe province. After he was recommended for enrollment at Tsinghua University in1975, all the villagers queued to bid him farewell and a dozen young men walkedmore than 30 kilometers to take him to the county seat for his trip back toBeijing。


  Xi has never forgotten the folks in the Shaanxi village. Even afterhe left, he helped the village get access to power, build a bridge and renovatea primary school. When he was Party chief of Fuzhou City, he returned to thevillage, going door by door to visit people. He gave senior villagers pocketmoney, and schoolchildren with new schoolbags, school supplies and alarmclocks. When a farmer friend got sick, Xi, then a senior provincial official ofFujian, at his own expense, brought him to Fujian for better medical treatment。


  Years of toiling alongside villagers allowed him to get to know thecountryside and farmers well. Xi has said that the two groups of people whohave given him the greatest help in his life are the older revolutionarygeneration and the folks in the Shaanxi village where he lived。


  He arrived in the village as a slightly lost teenager and left as a22-year-old man determined to do something for the people。


  Xi's affection for the common people influenced him as he made anumber of critical decisions. In the 1980s when many of his contemporaries weregoing into business or leaving to study abroad, Xi gave up a comfortable officejob in Beijing and went to work as deputy Party chief of a small county innorth China's Hebei Province. Later he became Party chief of Ningde Prefecturein southeast China's Fujian Province, one of the poorest regions at the time。


  The people weigh most in Xi's heart and grassroots units are wherehe pays most visits。


  In Ningde, he sometimes traveled for days on the mountain roads toreach the farthest corner of the prefecture. The roads were so bumpy that heoften had to take a break to recover from back pain before arriving atdestinations. He once walked nearly five hours on a rugged mountain road to getto a township called Xiadang, which was not accessible by highway, and receivedthe most passionate welcome from local residents, who said Xi was "thehighest-ranking official who has come to the village."


  He also helped thousands of farmers in Ningde renovate dilapidatedthatched huts and guided fishermen to live better lives on the land。


  When working as Party chief of Fuzhou, capital of Fujian, he tookthe lead in the country in establishing a mechanism for officials to meet withpetitioners face to face. He introduced the same mechanism in places where helater served。


  Once, he and other senior officials in Fuzhou met with more than 700petitioners in two days。


  While working in east China's Zhejiang Province, he went down into acoal mine nearly 1,000 meters underground and walked more than 1,500 metersalong a narrow and inclined shaft to visit miners and see their workingconditions before the Spring Festival in 2005.


  Xi attaches importance to communication with the people via newsmedia. He wrote a popular column for the Zhejiang Daily, using the pen nameZhexin. In his 232 columns, he discussed everyday problems of interest to thecommon people。


  As mild a person as Xi is, he is very tough in policing officialsand preventing them from harming the interests of the common people. In aninvestigation into illegal housing construction by officials in Ningde, he grewangry and pounded the table, saying, "Shall we offend hundreds ofofficials, or shall we fail millions of people?" Also, a number ofofficials in Zhejiang were punished during his tenure of leadership for failingto fulfill their duties。


  His work style earned him the nickname "secretary of thepeople."


  "Officials should love the people in the way they love theirparents, work for their benefit and lead them to prosperity," Xi said。




  On several recent occasions, Xi showed a strong sense ofresponsibility towards the future of the nation and declared his determinationto push forward reform and opening up。


  Throughout his political career, people have seen his foresight andresolve as well as his willingness to sacrifice personal gain and one-time famefor a bigger cause。


  When working in Xiamen, a coastal city in Fujian, he took charge ofdrafting a development plan for the city from 1985 to 2000 and lobbied forpreferential policies from the central government, both of which benefited thecity long after he left the province。


  When working in Zhengding, Hebei Province, he saw potential businessopportunities when he learned that the crew of "The Dream of RedMansions," a popular novel-turned-TV drama, was looking for a filminglocation。


  He then proposed building in Zhengding a large residential compoundfeatured within the novel. The compound, which was used by the TV crew, laterbecame a tourist attraction. Tourist income from the compound exceeded 10million yuan the year it was completed, paying back more than the investment.The compound has been used as the set for more than 170 movies and TV dramas,with up to 1.3 million tourists every year。


  In Fuzhou, after intense deliberation and discussion, he and hiscolleagues devised a strategic development plan for the city for the comingthree, eight and 20 years. All the main targets set by the plan were achievedyears ago, and a number of enterprises that were set up or brought to Fuzhouwhen Xi served there remain the industry leaders, playing a significant role inthe city's development over the past two decades。


  Working as Fujian governor, he was the first in the country tolaunch a campaign to crack down on food contamination。


  In 1999, he first put forward the idea of improving ITinfrastructure and introducing information technology to help the public.Fujian had been the only province in China where all hospitals were linked bycomputer networks and shared digital medical records by 2010.


  In 2002, Fujian launched the reform of the collective forestproperty right system, becoming the first in the country。


  During Xi's tenure, Fujian was among the first provinces in China toadopt special policies to restore ecological balance and protect theenvironment. This has made Fujian the province with the best water and airquality as well as the best ecology and environment in the country。


  After his transfer to Zhejiang Province in 2002, Xi put forwardnumerous development targets for the economy, public security, culture, theenvironment and the rule of law。


  He initiated local industrial restructuring, transforming theprovince's extensive, less-efficient growth pattern, and encouraged qualityenterprises from outside the province to invest in Zhejiang。


  In addition, he proposed a development mode that would give equalweight to both manufacturing and commerce, a mode based on Zhejiang's ownconditions. He also supported enterprises' efforts to expand overseas andsupported start-ups by ordinary citizens。


  At the same time, he encouraged more cooperation among Zhejiang,neighboring Shanghai Municipality and Jiangsu Province in order to tap theirpotential as an integrated economic powerhouse。


  In 2004, under Xi's leadership, Zhejiang made an attempt to improvegrassroots democracy. Villages there set up residents' committees to supervisethe village Party committee and administrative committee on public affairs, amove that received a positive response from the public。


  Village supervision committees, which sprang from the Zhejiangmodel, were later introduced in an amendment to the Organic Law of Villagers'Committees in 2010 by the National People's Congress (NPC) Standing Committee,the top Chinese legislature。


  Shanghai was Xi's last local post before he was promoted to thecentral leadership. Despite a relatively short term in the country's financialhub, he left his mark by promoting the economic integration of the YangtzeRiver Delta and enhancing Shanghai's leading role in the region。


  Xi added "enlightened, sagacious, open-minded and modest"to the official wording of the Shanghai Spirit slogan, which previously hadjust read "inclusive and sublime." The Shanghai Spirit was intendedto capture the essence of the city. Media in Shanghai remarked that theseemendations helped present Shanghai to the rest of the world in a deeper, morethoughtful way. These changes were also noticed by people outside Shanghai。




  "Making empty talk is harmful to the nation, while doingpractical work can help it thrive," Xi said during a visit to "TheRoad Toward Renewal" exhibition in Beijing on the 15th day after hiselection as the CPC's new helmsman。


  To put "practical work" in place, Xi presided over ameeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee that adopted eightmeasures to improve Party work style and tighten the bond with the people. Themeasures include more meetings with the people, traveling light with a smallentourage and using fewer traffic controls, shortening meetings and speeches.The new measures have earned acclaim both at home and abroad。


  "Only solid work ensures that one will take the lead," Xihas said. He has demanded concrete effort to tackle issues the people careabout most. He believes that without implementation, the best blueprint will benothing more than a castle in the air。


  When he served in Zhengding County, Xi said that developing humanresources was the key to shaking off poverty and backwardness in the county. Heattended to the job himself by inviting professionals to the county and drawingup recruitment advertisements for talented personnel from across the country。


  In the winter of 1983, he traveled to the provincial capital ofShijiazhuang to invite a cosmetics expert to work in Zhengding. Without adetailed address for the expert, he went door to door asking where the expertlived and finally found him at night after yelling his name near his home. Xiand the expert talked until midnight and Xi finally persuaded the man to workin Zhengding. The expert later created more than 300,000 yuan in revenue forthe county within the first year。


  In the same year, Xi decided to publish nine ways for recruitingtalented personnel, something that was rare at the time and became a front-pagestory in the Hebei Daily. He wrote more than 100 letters to experts andscholars, as well as colleges and research institutions, and paid visits todozens of experts. Within two years, Zhengding attracted 683 talented personneland hired 53 well-known experts as economic counselors。


  Xi, together with his colleague Lu Yulan, then deputy Party chief ofZhengding, despite heavy pressure, told superior authorities about theexcessive burden faced by the county due to compulsory grain purchases. Theissue was eventually resolved。


  In Ningde, Xi was also practical and realistic. He pooled resourcesto implement aquaculture of the large yellow croaker, a local specialty, andgreatly increased the income of local farmers。


  He also ordered Party and government offices to make thingsconvenient for the people. When serving in Fuzhou, he advocated the principleof "special procedures for special issues, and do things now" to makethe government more efficient. This principle was attractive to numerous Taiwanenterprises and helped boost the local economy. He also proposed thecompilation of two handbooks on government procedures for residents andoverseas businesspeople。


  In 2000, Xi initiated a move across Fujian to make the governmentmore efficient. He proposed changes in government functions and procedures toreduce the number of matters that require government approval. By the end of2001, the number was reduced by 40.4 percent, or 606 items。


  In 2001, Fujian became the first province in China to enact a policymaking government affairs public。


  In August 2002, Xi published an article on a major newspaper on"The Experience of Jinjiang," which emphasized the importance of theprivate economy in the development of the county. Also in 2002, he published anarticle on Nanping City's effort to send officials to work in villages. Thepractice of Nanping was later introduced all over the province, thus enhancingties between officials and farmers and making officials more oriented towardsgrassroots achievement。


  In Zhejiang, Xi stressed provincial development in the fields ofpublic security, the environment, culture, the rule of law and the marineeconomy。


  To achieve these goals, he made an individual case study in additionto making overall arrangements. In order to know how the localities wereaffected by provincial policies, he went five times to a less-developedmountain village called Xiajiang within less than two years。


  He paid special attention to the marine economy. In December 2002,he put forward the goal of building Zhejiang into a province with a strongmarine economy, followed by guidelines and plans to realize this goal. Themarine economy in Zhejiang has since developed quickly, with annual growth of19.3 percent. It accounted for nearly 8 percent of the Zhejiang economy in2005.


  He pushed for the integration of Ningbo and Zhoushan harbors. In2006, Ningbo-Zhoushan harbor had 420 million tonnes of cargo throughput,ranking the second in China and among the world's top three。


  He also pushed for the construction of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge, anicon of cross-sea bridges in China and once the world's longest cross-seabridge。


  In 2003, Xi proposed that rural communities should be more likeurban communities, and efforts should be made to reduce the urban-rural gap inquality of life。


  Zhejiang had realized the development targets one by one during Xi'stenure. The province had the highest rating in ecology and the environmentamong all provincial-level regions in 2005. In 2006, 94.77 percent of thepeople were satisfied with the province's public security, making Zhejiang oneof the safest provinces in the country。


  When Xi was in Zhejiang, the province's GDP exceeded 1 trillion yuanin 2004, GDP per capita exceeded 3,000 U.S. dollars in 2005 and stood at nearly4,000 U.S. dollars in 2006. The province ranked the fourth in sustainabledevelopment in 2006, next to Shanghai, Beijing and Tianjin。


  Furthermore, all the province's poverty-stricken counties andtownships shook off poverty during the period。


  In 2007, Xi was appointed secretary of the CPC Shanghai MunicipalCommittee。


  Within a month of his appointment, Xi conducted research on thepeople's livelihood, development, the Shanghai World Expo, and the fightagainst corruption. The ninth Shanghai municipal congress of the CPC wassuccessfully held, which invigorated local officials, rebuilt Shanghai's imageand set forth a blueprint for Shanghai for the next five years。


  Xi has said that a county Party chief should visit all the villageswithin the county, a city Party chief all the townships and a provincial Partychief all the counties and cities。


  He visited all the villages in Zhengding. In Ningde, he visited ninecounties within the first three months, and traveled to most townships lateron. After he was transferred to Zhejiang in 2002, he visited all 90 counties injust over a year. During his tenure in Shanghai, he visited all 19 districtsand counties in seven months. After he came to work in the central authority,he visited all the 31 provinces, regions and municipalities on the mainland。




  During a recent meeting with foreign experts working in China, Xi saidthat China, as a responsible country, will not only manage its own affairs, butalso properly handle its relations with the rest of the world, so as to fostera more favorable external environment and make a greater contribution to worldpeace and development。


  "China needs to know more about the world, and the world alsoneeds to know more about China," Xi said. Whether working at the locallevel or in the central leadership, Xi attaches great importance tointernational exchange and making foreign friends. He has taken everyopportunity to meet foreign guests visiting China。


  Within the past five years, he traveled to more than 40 countriesand regions across five continents and has had extensive contact with peoplefrom all walks of life. He frankly and honestly introduces to foreign friendshow the Chinese people view their own country and the world, and is alwayswilling to listen to them as well. In the eyes of many foreign dignitaries, Xiis a confident, sagacious and amicable leader。


  He often tells foreign friends that the international community hasincreasingly become an integrated one with a common destiny. China's continuousrapid development depends on world peace and development. It also providesopportunity and room for other countries, so together they may achieve win-winresults and common development through mutual respect and pragmatic cooperation。


  At a World Peace Forum organized by Tsinghua University in July2012, Xi noted that a country must let others develop as it seeks its owndevelopment; must let others feel secure as it seeks its own security; must letothers live better when it wants to live better itself. In a meeting with LeeKuan Yew in Singapore, Xi said not all strong countries will seek hegemony.China will stick to the path of peaceful development, a win-win strategy ofopening up and the pledge of never seeking hegemony, now or in any futuregeneration。


  Xi's foreign visits have sent out signals that countries should worktogether to establish a more equal and balanced global partnership, so as tosafeguard the common interests of all human beings and make Earth better。


  During his five-day visit to the United States, Xi participated in27 events and engaged in exchange with U.S. politicians and the public alike."As long as the Chinese and U.S. sides grasp the thread of commoninterests, they can explore a path of new partnership for major powers to livein harmony, engage in positive interaction and achieve win-wincooperation." His remarks elicited positive feedback from many in the U.S。


  In a recent meeting with former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Xicalled for more "positive energy" for the China-U.S. partnership。


  During his visit to Russia, Xi showed the strong importance Chinaattaches to developing bilateral relations. The Sino-Russian strategicpartnership of coordination has become the closest, most dynamic and mostprofound between major powers, and developing relations with Russia is always apriority of China's foreign relations. Xi attended the second meeting of thedialogue mechanism between the Chinese and Russian ruling parties, and hadextensive and in-depth discussions with leaders of various parties in Russia,further enriching Sino-Russia relations。


  Xi highly values relations with developing countries. He has saidconsolidating and developing relations with developing countries is thestarting point and object of China's foreign policy。


  In South Africa, Xi attended the fourth plenary session of theChina-South Africa Binational Commission, looking forward, together with theSouth African side, to a bright future of bilateral cooperation。


  In a speech delivered at a seminar marking the 10th anniversary ofthe establishment of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), Xi underscored China's friendship with Africa, emphasizing that"a friend in need is a friend indeed."


  In Saudi Arabia, he said a more prosperous and open China will bringgreat development opportunities to the Middle East and countries in the Gulf。


  In Chile, he proposed that China and Latin America should be goodpartners in the fields of politics, economics, culture and internationalaffairs, when speaking of the relationship over the next decade。


  Xi has been pragmatic and efficient on the international stage. Inthe course of only one day, while attending the celebration of the 150thanniversary of the unification of Italy, Xi exchanged ideas with leaders frommore than 20 countries and international organizations. During his visit toGermany and four other European countries, Xi attended five signing ceremoniesfor economic and trade agreements, six economic and trade forums, and pushedfor the signing of 93 cooperation agreements involving a total of 7.4 billionU.S. dollars。


  Xi has also emphasized the role of cultural exchange in the buildingof a harmonious world. When addressing the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2009, he saidthat through exchanges between different cultures, people from differentcountries have come to know Confucius from China, Goethe from Germany andShakespeare from Britain. Pushing forward world cultural exchange createsimportant momentum for human progress and the world's peaceful development。


  During his visit to Russia, he launched the "Year of ChineseLanguage" in Russia, side by side with Vladimir Putin in the Kremlin. Hesaid in his address, "Culture is enriched, hearts are linked up, andfriendship is deepened through exchange."


  Xi is good at drawing wisdom from Chinese culture and presentingideas clearly in a straightforward and humorous way. During his U.S. visit, heborrowed a line from the theme song of the popular Chinese TV drama"Monkey King" to ease the gravity of the bilateral issue. "Theroad is right under our feet," he said when describing the"unprecedented" relations between China and the U.S., displaying theconfidence and courage of Chinese leaders。


  When facing questions about China's human rights situation, he saidthere is "no best, only better." Xi said every country's condition isdifferent and path is different. "Whether the shoe fits or not, only thewearer of the shoe knows."


  Amity between people is the key to sound relations between states.Xi has said the level of state-to-state friendship depends on amity betweenpeople. He has humorously said to foreign ministry officials on diplomatictrips that life lies in motion and diplomacy lies in activity. In other words,diplomats should travel widely and make friends broadly and deeply。


  During his visit to Laos, he specially arranged a meeting with childrenof the late Lao leader Quinim Pholsena. Xi joined several children of Pholsena,who had lived and studied in Beijing, in recalling their days at Beijing's BayiSchool. He even remembered the nickname "Chubby Boy" for Pholsena'ssecond son。


  During his U.S. visit, Xi traveled to Iowa to join a dozen of hisold acquaintances for tea and conversation at a house in an Iowa farmcommunity. Most of the people at the gathering were friends Xi had made duringa 1985 visit to Iowa as a member of an agricultural research delegation。


  In Russia, he visited a children's center that had cared for Chinesestudents who were affected by the devastating Wenchuan earthquake of 2008, andexpressed his gratitude to the staff。


  He kicked a Gaelic football in Dublin's Croke Park when visitingIreland and watched an NBA game in the U.S. The media described both activitiesas evidence of his amicable image。


  "He succeeded in not only demonstrating his personal manner andbearing, but also the charm of China's economic development and socialprogress," an overseas media outlet remarked。




  Xi Jinping's father Xi Zhongxun was a Party and state leader. Thesenior Xi served as chairman of the Shaan-Gan Border Region, a CPC revolutionarybase of the 1930s, and was called by Mao Zedong a "leader of thepeople."


  Xi Zhongxun had suffered political persecution for 16 yearsbeginning in 1962. However, he never gave in to adversity and ultimately helpedclear the names of other people who were persecuted. After the end of theCultural Revolution, he served as Party chief in Guangdong, the forefront ofChina's reform and opening-up drive, making important contributions to theestablishment of special economic zones in the province and their rapiddevelopment。

  他从1962年起受到冤屈,长达16年之久,但始终不向逆境低头,还为受株连的同志澄清事实。 “文革”结束后,他受命到改革开放的前沿广东担任省委第一书记,为建立经济特区以及后来的大发展作出重要贡献。

  Xi's mother Qi Xin, nearly 90 years of age, is also a veteran cadreand Party member. As a filial son, Xi takes walks and chats with his mother,holding her hand during the process, after he finds time to dine with her。


  The Xi family has a tradition of being strict with children andliving a simple life. Xi Zhongxun believed if a senior Party official wanted todiscipline others, he should begin first with himself and his family. XiJinping and his younger brother used to wear clothes and shoes handed down fromtheir elder sisters. After Xi Jinping became a leading official, his mothercalled a family meeting to ban the siblings from engaging in business where XiJinping worked。


  Xi Jinping has carried on his family's tradition and has been strictwith family members. Wherever he worked, he told the family members not to dobusiness there or do anything in his name, or else he "would beruthless." Whether in Fujian, Zhejiang or Shanghai, he pledged at officialmeetings that no one was allowed to seek personal benefit using his name andwelcomed supervision in this regard。


  Xi married Peng Liyuan, a renowned and well-liked soprano and operasinger. In 1980, Peng, on the behalf of the Shandong provincial delegation,caused quite a stir while attending a national art performance in Beijing。


  She was the first in China to obtain a master's degree in nationalvocal music. She is a representative figure of national vocal music and one ofthe founders of the school of national vocal music。


  Her most famous works include On the Plains of Hope, People from OurVillage, and We Are Yellow River and Taishan Mountain。


  She was the winner of many top awards at national vocal musiccontests. She played the leading roles in the Chinese national operas TheWhite-haired Girl and Mulan, among others. She also won the highest theatricalaward in China, or the Plum Blossom Prize, and the highest performance artaward, the Wenhua Prize。


  Peng has attributed her accomplishments to the people and said sheshould contribute all her talent to the people. Over the past 30-plus years,she has given hundreds of free performances for people from all different walksof life across the country as an expression of gratitude or appreciation. Theseincluded performances in impoverished mountain areas, coastal areas, oilfields, mines and barracks, as well as in deserts and the snowy plateau. Shealso performed in Wenchuan after the devastating earthquake of 2008, inBeijing's Xiaotangshan after the SARS outbreak and in flood-hit Jiujiang inJiangxi Province。


  To better introduce Chinese national vocal music and national operato the world, Peng took the lead to play a solo concert in Singapore in 1993.She has also performed in more than 50 countries and regions representingChina, becoming a world-famous Cultural Ambassador for China。


  She produced and played the leading role in the opera Mulan, whichwas performed at New York City's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts and atthe Vienna State Opera House in Austria。


  Peng is currently shifting her focus from performance to education,aiming to nurture more talented people and produce more masterpieces。


  Peng is very much committed to charity work. She is a WHO GoodwillAmbassador for Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS, a national AIDS prevention advocate,and an ambassador for the prevention of juvenile delinquency and for tobaccocontrol. At a recent World AIDS Day activity raising awareness about AIDS, shewas called "Mama Peng" by AIDS orphans。


  Xi and Peng fell in love at first sight in 1986 and got married thesame year. Although they were often separated due to work, they have understoodand supported each other and continuously shown concern for each other。


  As a member of the People's Liberation Army, Peng was often taskedwith staging performances in remote areas. These tours sometimes kept her onthe road for two to three months at a time. Being concerned about his wife, Xiwould phone her before bedtime almost every night, no matter how late it was。


  On Chinese Lunar New Year's Eve, Peng would often perform in theSpring Festival Gala presented by the China Central Television. Xi would makedumplings while watching the show and would wait for her return to begincooking the family feast。


  In the eyes of Peng, Xi is a good husband and a good father. Shealways shows care and consideration for him. Peng takes every opportunity toget together with her husband, cooking for him dishes of different styles。


  In Peng's eyes, Xi is both different from anybody else and also anaverage person. He favors home-made cooking in the Shaanxi and Shandongcuisines, and also drinks a bit during parties with friends. He likes swimming,mountaineering, and watching basketball, football and boxing matches. Sometimeshe stays up late to watch televised sports games。


  The couple have a daughter, Xi Mingze. Mingze in Chinese implies"living an honest life and being a useful person to society," whichis their expectation for her and also a symbol of their family's simple style。





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